Search Specimens

OZCAM (Online Zoo-log-i-cal Col-lec-tions of Aus-tralian Muse-ums) pro-vides access to an online data-base of records aggre-gated from fau-nal col-lec-tions data-bases in Aus-tralian museums.

Occurrence record: Entomology:HYM92318

PreservedSpecimen of Exoneura (Exoneura) bicolor | Reed Bee recorded on 1971-01-06

Dataset

Data provider OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider
Data resource Museums Victoria provider for OZCAM
Institution Museums Victoria
Supplied institution code "NMV"
Collection Museums Victoria Entomology Collection
Supplied collection code "Entomology"
Catalogue Number HYM92318
Occurrence ID urn:lsid:ozcam.taxonomy.org.au:NMV:Entomology:PreservedSpecimen:HYM92318
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations pinned
Collector Cookson, J. Lawrence
Supplied as "Lawrence J. Cookson"
Individual count 1
License CC0
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode
Owner institution code NMV
Rightsholder Museums Victoria
Language en
Occurrence status present
Institution ID urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34978
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 1971-01-06
Supplied date "1971-01-06T00:00:00\1971-01-06T00:00:00"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Higher classification Animalia | Arthropoda | Hexapoda | Insecta | Hymenoptera | Apoidea | Apidae | Xylocopinae
Scientific name Exoneura (Exoneura) bicolor
Supplied scientific name "Exoneura (Exoneura) bicolor Smith, 1854"
Taxon rank species
Common name Reed Bee
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Hymenoptera
Family Apidae
Genus Exoneura
Species Exoneura bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Subgenus Exoneura
Scientific name authorship Smith, 1854
Nomenclatural code ICZN

Geospatial

Higher geography Australia | Victoria
Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area East Gippsland (S)
Locality Benambra
Latitude -36.95
Longitude 147.7
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "WGS84"
Verbatim locality Benambra
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10.0
Georeference protocol Natmap Raster estimated
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 9 missing properties
    Show/Hide 41 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Water
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Victorian Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS2
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Victorian Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys MITTA MITTA
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Wetland Groups Floodplain Wetlands
    Murray-Darling Basin Wetlands Lake Omeo
    NRM Regions 2010 North East
    NRM Regions 2014 North East
    NRM Regions 2015 North East
    NRM Regions 2017 North East
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North East
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North East
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Highlands - Northern Fall
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Highlands-Northern Fall
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions UPPER MURRAY RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Cape Howe
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Gippsland
    Local Government Areas 2011 East Gippsland (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated E. Gippsland Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 EAST GIPPSLAND SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Barapa Barapa, Barkindji, Dhudhuroa, Latji Latji, Maraura, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wamba Wamba, Weki Weki, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Barapa Barapa, Barkindji, Dhudhuroa, Latji Latji, Maraura, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Taungurung, Wadi Wadi, Wemba Wemba, Weki Weki, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 20
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1929
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) BRUTHEN - OMEO
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GIPPSLAND - EAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) LATROBE - GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) EAST GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BENAMBRA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) EASTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) EASTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) EAST GIPPSLAND SHIRE
    Statistical Local Areas E. Gippsland (S) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Ephemeral and Permanent Water Features
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Unknown/no data
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Unknown/No data
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Other grasslands,herblands, sedgelands and rushlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 4180483.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.014555 t/ha
    Potassium 0.198777 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.6741
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0487
    Endemism 0.016363425
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.016481537
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 3938.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.2185535 index
    Species Richness 901.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6831123
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.13 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 51.761665 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 37.51 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3778573
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.3749422
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 18.995832 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 6.62 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 25.48999 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.1238233
    Aridity index - month max 2.6846218
    Aridity index - month min 0.28895336
    Evaporation - annual mean 90.508705 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15735.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 182.60799 mm
    Evaporation - month min 22.770126 mm
    Evaporation - variability 10.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.26 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 83.935196 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 70.9722 %
    Humidity - month max relative 94.35313 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 83.04216 %
    Humidity - month min relative 59.122234 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 59.122234 %
    Precipitation - annual 880.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 683.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 62.00945 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.01732404
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 187.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 48.76519 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 9.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 131.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3741559
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 19.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.3718247
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 149.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 82.087845 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 17.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 208.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 42.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.7 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 17.115 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 11.7 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 4.5666666 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 24.567719 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 25.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min -0.29 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 0.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 5.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 12.1 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 14.7 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 24.98 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.61
    Temperature - warmest month min 9.73 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 17.6 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.8 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 140.04005 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 813.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 221.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 46.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 156.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 17.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 173.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 84.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 245.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 111.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 255.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min -2.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 52.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 125.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 148.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4560.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 253.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 169.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 82.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.980306 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 90812.42 m
    Remoteness index 6.2911677
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 776.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 96.0 %
    Runoff - average 146.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 2.631579 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 57.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5129825 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.695135 %
    Clay % 47.561405 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 2.0636365 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.71
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.4 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.2 m
    Soil pedality 3.845614
    Water holding capacity 28000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.3753 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 219.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 338.75 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 695.0 m
    Elevation 703.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 2.3549545 degrees
    Topographic relief 25.17004 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.609141 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3673 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 53.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 2.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 45.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 53.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0244 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.1 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 54.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6508 NDVI