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OZCAM (Online Zoo-log-i-cal Col-lec-tions of Aus-tralian Muse-ums) pro-vides access to an online data-base of records aggre-gated from fau-nal col-lec-tions data-bases in Aus-tralian museums.

Occurrence record: Entomology:K.404477

PreservedSpecimen of Spodoptera litura recorded on 1937-05-23

Dataset

Data provider OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider
Data resource Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Institution Australian Museum
Supplied institution code "AM"
Collection Australian Museum Entomology Collection
Supplied collection code "Entomology"
Catalogue Number K.404477
Other catalogue numbers ecatalogue.irn:1624081; urn:catalog:AM:Entomology:K.404477
Occurrence ID urn:lsid:ozcam.taxonomy.org.au:AM:Entomology:K.404477
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Collector Middleton, B.L.
Supplied as "Middleton, Dr B. L."
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 1937-05-23
Date precision Day
Event ID urn:australianmuseum.net.au:Events:1184452

Taxonomy

Scientific name Spodoptera litura
Supplied scientific name "Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775)"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Lepidoptera
Family Noctuidae
Genus Spodoptera
Species Spodoptera litura
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Name according to (Fabricius, 1775)
Accepted name usage Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775)

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Upper Hunter Shire (A)
Latitude -31.766
Longitude 150.816
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Murrurundi
Location remarks ecatalogue.LocCollectionEventLocal: "Australia, New South Wales, Murrurundi (31° 46' S, 150° 49' E) 23/05/1937 - 23/05/1937, Middleton, Dr. B. L.(Collector)";
Coordinate precision 0.001
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Biome Terrestrial
Verbatim longitude 150° 49' E
Verbatim latitude 31° 46' S

Additional properties

dcterms:modified 2019/9/9
dcterms:type PhysicalObject
verbatim uncertainty 1km-10km

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 10 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant Four practices equal
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble left intact
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Brigalow Belt South
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Liverpool Range
    IBRA 7 Regions Brigalow Belt South
    IBRA 7 Subregions Liverpool Range
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Brigalow Tropical Savanna
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Most plant growth in summer, although summers are moisture limiting. Temperature limits growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Upper Hunter Shire (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Upper Hunter Shire
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 UPPER HUNTER SHIRE COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 0
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 723
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SCONE REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NORTH-EASTERN NSW
    PSMA Localities (2018) MURRURUNDI
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Upper Hunter Shire (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia -Rsn
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Merriwa Plateau
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Unknown/no data

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.010341 t/ha
    Potassium 0.02951 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8235
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.8542
    Endemism 0.009517014
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.009748259
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 4515.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.1966834 index
    Species Richness 908.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.463797
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 60.02 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 61.878334 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 40.82 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1221331
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.12139071
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 24.309166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.9575 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 28.459991 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.5539765
    Aridity index - month max 1.1227795
    Aridity index - month min 0.33241105
    Evaporation - annual mean 138.1954 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 18255.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 243.67421 mm
    Evaporation - month min 52.548164 mm
    Evaporation - variability 17.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.29 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.08 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 78.0418 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 63.855667 %
    Humidity - month max relative 86.41927 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 74.971344 %
    Humidity - month min relative 53.78386 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 53.78386 %
    Precipitation - annual 829.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 812.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 64.40515 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.33392113
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 172.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 52.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 166.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1244433
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 23.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.12371498
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 262.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 91.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 271.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 30.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.3 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 22.623333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.8 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.070833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 27.88617 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 28.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 1.49 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 1.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.2 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.1 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 13.3 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.02 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.76
    Temperature - warmest month min 14.73 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.3 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.1 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 21.2 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 142.45964 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 864.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 186.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 53.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 177.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 24.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 292.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 115.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 292.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 155.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 279.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 16.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 89.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 140.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 99.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5024.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 295.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 218.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 218.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.474347 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.04 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 87639.3 m
    Remoteness index 3.314261
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 357.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 175.0 %
    Runoff - average 1943.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.5999248 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 62.0685
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 124.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.27 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 53.0 %
    Bulk density 1.2852702 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.0529966 %
    Clay % 57.12162 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 0.35000002 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.55
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.81
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.4 m
    Soil pedality 4.218919
    Water holding capacity 22500.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 71.18187
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.41201 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 177.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 510.29166 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 492.0 m
    Elevation 513.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 2.8441427 degrees
    Topographic relief 33.21637 m
    Topographic slope (%) 2.595995 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5426 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 67.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 5.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 28.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 67.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0393 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.9 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 61.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 15.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7619 NDVI