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OZCAM (Online Zoo-log-i-cal Col-lec-tions of Aus-tralian Muse-ums) pro-vides access to an online data-base of records aggre-gated from fau-nal col-lec-tions data-bases in Aus-tralian museums.

Occurrence record: Ornithology:O.74613.001

PreservedSpecimen of Aythya (Nyroca) australis | Hardhead recorded on 2012

Dataset

Data provider OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider
Data resource Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Institution Australian Museum
Supplied institution code "AM"
Collection Australian Museum Ornithology Collection
Supplied collection code "Ornithology"
Catalogue Number O.74613.001
Other catalogue numbers ecatalogue.irn:1789122; urn:catalog:AM:Ornithology:O.74613.001
Occurrence ID urn:lsid:ozcam.taxonomy.org.au:AM:Ornithology:O.74613.001
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Collector Mullholland, M.
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Sampling protocol found dead
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 2012
Sampling protocol found dead
Date precision Day
Event ID urn:australianmuseum.net.au:Events:1216057

Taxonomy

Scientific name Aythya (Nyroca) australis
Supplied scientific name "Aythya australis australis (Eyton, 1838)"
Taxon rank species
Common name Hardhead
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Anseriformes
Family Anatidae
Genus Aythya
Species Aythya australis
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Name according to (Eyton, 1838)
Accepted name usage Aythya australis australis (Eyton, 1838)

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Tweed (A)
Latitude -28.32693
Longitude 153.39583
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Murwillumbah Area
Location remarks ecatalogue.LocCollectionEventLocal: "Australia, New South Wales, Murwillumbah Area (28° 19' 37" S, 153° 23' 45" E) 2012 - 2012, Mullholland, M(Collector), NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service - Murwillumbah(Presenter), found dead, Accession";
Coordinate precision 0.00001
Biome Terrestrial
Verbatim longitude 153° 23' 45" E
Verbatim latitude 28° 19' 37" S

Additional properties

dcterms:modified 2020/10/30
dcterms:type PhysicalObject
verbatim uncertainty unknown

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 11 missing properties
    Show/Hide 40 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    GER Border Ranges GER Border Ranges
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Northern Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2015 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2017 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North Coast
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North Coast
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Southeast Hills and Ranges, Murwillumbah
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 7 Subregions Burringbar-Conondale Ranges
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Warmer and wetter end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: no dry season
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 TWEED RIVER
    River Regions TWEED RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Richmond
    Local Government Areas 2011 Tweed (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Tweed - Pt B
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 TWEED SHIRE COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions North Coast
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 42
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 3616
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) MURWILLUMBAH
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) TWEED VALLEY
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) RICHMOND - TWEED
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) RICHMOND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) RICHMOND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) TWEED
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) MURWILLUMBAH
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) MURWILLUMBAH
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) OTHER URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 5,000 TO 9,999
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LISMORE
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) MURWILLUMBAH
    Statistical Local Areas Tweed (A) - Pt B
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Proserpine Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Toowoomba Plateau
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Urban and built-up
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Rainforests and vine thickets
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4148657E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.03319 t/ha
    Potassium 0.088143 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8934
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.9798
    Endemism 0.01666635
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.021841768
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.6191
    Migratory species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 18025.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.5306954 index
    Species Richness 1400.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 27.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 1.0598797
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 69.56 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 126.0125 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 35.06 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.44040135
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.2652478
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.745 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 15.256666 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 21.670013 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.3106921
    Aridity index - month max 2.0926673
    Aridity index - month min 0.46381196
    Evaporation - annual mean 121.13112 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 28013.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 183.07352 mm
    Evaporation - month min 69.14136 mm
    Evaporation - variability 10.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.42 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.75 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.31 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.94452 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 72.00341 %
    Humidity - month max relative 83.80465 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 76.06971 %
    Humidity - month min relative 68.20078 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 68.20078 %
    Precipitation - annual 1765.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1593.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 152.44963 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.791874
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 206.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 56.33919 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 155.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.48311076
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 48.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.0661755
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 591.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 275.4945 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 60.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 633.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 25.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.3 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.663334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 19.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 13.505834 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.82788 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 21.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 7.08 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 7.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 14.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 11.3 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.52 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 28.47 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.24
    Temperature - warmest month min 19.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 29.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 24.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 167.11053 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1763.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 242.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 41.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 185.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 47.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 619.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 255.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 705.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 198.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 206.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 84.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 150.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 109.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 157.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 52.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3482.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 290.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 239.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 238.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.18 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 11525.153 m
    Remoteness index 0.22
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1568.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 110.0 %
    Runoff - average 11420.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 5.464481 Percentage
    Marine
    Great Barrier Reef 100m DEM 12.600001 m
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 18.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 74.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.27 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 23.0 %
    Bulk density 1.4265642 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.1766925 %
    Clay % 34.189663 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 53.333332 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.9
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.1 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.1 m
    Soil pedality 3.0759776
    Water holding capacity 14000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.22688 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 30.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 139.875 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 13.0 m
    Elevation 6.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.334359 degrees
    Topographic relief 54.09016 m
    Topographic slope (%) 2.53689 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1371 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 67.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 47.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 15.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 38.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0101 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 2.0 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 68.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 19.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2452 NDVI