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OZCAM (Online Zoo-log-i-cal Col-lec-tions of Aus-tralian Muse-ums) pro-vides access to an online data-base of records aggre-gated from fau-nal col-lec-tions data-bases in Aus-tralian museums.

Occurrence record: Birds:B34333

Preserved specimen of Hirundapus caudacutus (Latham, 1801) | White-throated Needletail recorded on 2000-02-12

Dataset

Data partner OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider
Data resource Australian National Wildlife Collection provider for OZCAM
Institution code Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Supplied institution code "ANWC"
Collection Australian National Wildlife Collection
Supplied collection code "Birds"
Catalog number B34333
Occurrence ID urn:lsid:ozcam.taxonomy.org.au:ANWC:Birds:B34333
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Preparations skin
Sex female
Associated Occurrence Status Representative record
Associated occurrences This record has 1 inferred associated occurrences
For more information see Inferred associated occurrence details
License CC-BY
Rights holder CSIRO
Establishment means wild location
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as present
Bibliographic citation B34333
Collection urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34932
Associated records REPRESENTATIVE
Dataset / Survey name [ANWC general pre-Nagoya (12/10/2014)]
Dataset [urn:anwc.csiro.au:collections:4]

Event

Occurrence date 2000-02-12
Verbatim event date 12FEB2000
Dataset / Survey name [ANWC general pre-Nagoya (12/10/2014)]
Date precision DAY

Taxonomy

Scientific name Hirundapus caudacutus
Identified to rank species
Common name White-throated Needletail
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Apodiformes
Family Apodidae
Genus Hirundapus
Species Hirundapus caudacutus
Name match metric exactMatch
Scientific name authorship (Latham, 1801)
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality CLARENCE, KATOOMBA AREA
Latitude -33.4667
Supplied as: "-33.4667"
Longitude 150.2167
Supplied as: "150.2167"
Datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality CLARENCE, KATOOMBA AREA
Water body not applicable
Island not applicable
Island group not applicable
Location remarks confident in available location data
Coordinate precision 0.01667
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 2000.0
County not applicable
Terrestrial true
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Continent OCEANIA
Supplied as Oceania
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim SRS not recorded; assume WGS84 for Australia

Additional properties

verbatim uncertainty confident in available location data

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    First of the century Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Show/Hide 89 passed properties
    Show/Hide 7 missing properties
    Show/Hide 18 tests that have not been run

    Inferred associated occurrence details

    This record has been identified as the representative occurrence in a group of associated occurrences. This mean other records have been detected that seem to relate to this record and this particular record has the most detailed information on the occurrence. More information about the duplication detection methods and terminology in use is available here:

    Representative Record
    Record UUID 0fd8e421-66d1-4784-8069-141f8b21e1de
    Data Resource Australian National Wildlife Collection provider for OZCAM
    Raw Scientific Name Hirundapus caudacutus
    Coordinates -33.4667,150.2167
    Related records
    Record UUID bc2a0577-135c-4b53-a53b-18845ee7d366
    Data Resource Australian National Wildlife Collection provider for OZCAM
    Raw Scientific Name Hirundapus caudacutus
    Coordinates -33.4667,150.2167

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Other minimal uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Hawkesbury-Nepean
    NRM Regions 2014 Central Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2015 Central Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2017 Central Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Central Tablelands
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Ploughed = hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Ploughed = hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cultivation
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Central Tablelands
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Wollemi
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Wollemi
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Eucalypt woodland (temperate)
    National Indicative Aggregated Fire Extent Dataset 2019-2020 - v20200324 National Indicative Aggregated Fire Extent 2019-2020
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HAWKESBURY RIVER
    River Regions HAWKESBURY RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Calare
    Local Government Areas 2011 Lithgow (C)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Lithgow
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 LITHGOW CITY COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Central Tablelands
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1387
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) WOLLANGAMBE - WOLLEMI
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LITHGOW - MUDGEE
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) CENTRAL WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) CALARE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) CALARE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) LITHGOW - OBERON
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) LITHGOW
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) RIVERINA - ORANGE
    PSMA Localities (2018) STATE MINE GULLY
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Lithgow (C)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia -Rsn
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hawkesbury-Shoalhaven Plateaus
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    Forests of Australia 2018B Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Evergreen broadleaf forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Modified
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8429158.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.1672
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.2919
    Endemism 0.019969977
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.020906877
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 28253.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.680619 index
    Species Richness 1636.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.8055355
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 44.38 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 81.809166 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 49.07 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.7916958
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.26189485
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 17.889166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 7.2666664 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 23.450012 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.1020671
    Aridity index - month max 2.6702185
    Aridity index - month min 0.47659814
    Evaporation - annual mean 105.925156 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 19857.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 198.68356 mm
    Evaporation - month min 33.874603 mm
    Evaporation - variability 9.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.32 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 82.92284 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 75.20668 %
    Humidity - month max relative 91.32341 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.6369 %
    Humidity - month min relative 66.76848 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 66.76848 %
    Precipitation - annual 1011.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1058.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 90.130264 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.2830519
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 218.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 68.4526 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 15.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 218.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.8715028
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.14683314
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 325.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 118.34876 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 28.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 346.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 34.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.9 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 15.523334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 11.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 5.3766665 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 22.285522 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 23.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 0.13 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 0.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 5.5 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.4 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 5.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.44 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 22.32 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.59
    Temperature - warmest month min 10.74 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 23.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 17.0 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 16.5 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 157.20914 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1166.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 248.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 66.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 219.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 23.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 371.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 141.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 395.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 110.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 222.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 6.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 51.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 99.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 59.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 44.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4456.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 228.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 165.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 162.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.06 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.044797 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.06 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 57112.22 m
    Remoteness index 1.0605918
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1761.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 114.0 %
    Runoff - average 1225.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.3 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 79.916595
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 45.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.5 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 6.0 %
    Bulk density 1.3318447 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.4407563 %
    Clay % 17.031553 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 55.454544 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.86
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.1 m
    Soil pedality 1.8737864
    Water holding capacity 44500.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 1.97975 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 294.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 290.66666 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 1151.0 m
    Elevation 1138.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 6.412438 degrees
    Topographic relief 61.75061 m
    Topographic slope (%) 3.590082 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2966 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 46.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 9.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 34.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 57.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0257 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 70.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 14.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7705 NDVI